History of Java Programming Language

The history of Java is very interesting. Java programming language was originally designed for interactive television, but it was too advanced a technology for the digital cable television industry at the time. The history of Java starts with the Green Team. Members of the Java team (also known as the Green Team) initiated the project to develop a language for digital devices such as set-top boxes, TVs, etc., which, however, was well suited for Internet programming. . Later, Java technology was incorporated by Netscape. Presently the owner of JAVA is Ocracle corporation.

You can also read: Java Programming – An Introduction – Write Anywhere And Run Anywhere

The principles of making Java programming language were

“Simple, robust, portable, platform-independent, secure, high performance, multithreaded, architecture neutral, object-oriented, interpreted and dynamic”.

Currently, Java is used in Internet programming, mobile devices, games, e-business solutions etc. It contains important points that describe the history of Java.

  • James Gosling, Mike Sheridan, and Patrick Naughton started the Java language project in June 1991. A small team of sun engineers called the Green Team.
  • Originally designed for small, embedded systems in electronic devices such as set-top boxes.
  • At first, it was called “Greentalk” by James Gosling, and Greentalk.gt.
  • Back then, it was called Oak and was developed as a part of the Green Project.
  • Why Oak? Oak is a symbol of strength and has been chosen as the national tree of many countries such as the U.S.A., France, Germany, Romania, etc.
  • In 1995, Oak was renamed “Java” as it was already trademarked by Oak Technologies.
  • Why did he choose the name Java for the Java language? The team got busy in choosing a new name. The suggested words were “dynamic”, “revolutionary”, “silk”, “jolt”, “DNA”, etc. They wanted something that reflected the essence of technology: revolutionary, dynamic, lively, cool, unique, and easy to speak.

According to James Gosling

Java was one of the top choices along with Silk.” Since Java was so unique, most of the team members preferred Java over other names.

  • Java is an island in Indonesia where the first coffee was produced (known as Java Coffee). It is a kind of espresso bean. The name Java was chosen by James Gosling while drinking coffee near his office.
  • Note that Java is just a name, not an abbreviation.
  • Initially developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems (now a subsidiary of Oracle Corporation) and released in 1995.
  • In 1995, Time magazine named the 1995 Java one of the ten best products.
  • Released in JDK 1.0 (January 23, 1996). Since the first release of Java, many additional features have been added to the language. Now Java is being used in Windows applications, web applications, enterprise applications, mobile applications, cards etc. Each new version adds new features to Java.

Java Version History

Many Java versions have been released till now. The current stable release of Java is Java SE 10.

  • JDK Alpha and Beta (1995)
  • JDK 1.0 (23 Jan 1996)
  • JDK 1.1 (February 19, 1997)
  • J2SE 1.2 (8 December 1998)
  • J2SE 1.3 (8 May 2000)
  • J2SE 1.4 (February 6, 2002)
  • J2SE 5.0 (30 September 2004)
  • Java SE 6 (11 December 2006)
  • Java SE 7 (28 July 2011)
  • Java SE 8 (March 18, 2014)
  • Java SE 9 (21 September 2017)
  • Java SE 10 (20 March 2018)


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