What is Microprocessor and Type of Microprocessor?

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Hello friends, in today’s post of what is Microprocessor and Type of Microprocessor? we are going to talk about Microprocessor.

Today we will know in detail that what is Microprocessor? How does it work? And what are these types?

If you are interested in computer topics, then you must have knowledge about microprocessor, so let’s now without wasting any time, what is microprocessor?

Table of Content

What is Microprocessor?

Microprocessor is an important part of any computer, also known as Central Processing Unit (CPU) chip.

It plays an important role under any computer. Just as a human’s body is completely controlled by his mind, in the same way a computer is completely controlled by the microprocessor.

We can also call Micro Processor the brain of the computer. The entire work under the computer is done through the microprocessor itself.

If you have to play any game under your computer, listen to any music, message anyone on WhatsApp, or you have to do any smallest or biggest task under computer, then all this work. This is done by the micro processor itself.

When you run any program under the computer, or do any task, its signal goes to the microprocessor, after that the processing of the data is done by the microprocessor, and through this you run The done program runs under your computer.

The microprocessor performs the function of communication between the hardware and software of any computer, or controls the coordination between them. If it is said in simple words, then a microprocessor performs the task of controlling the instructions of all the software of the computer to the hardware.

In today’s time, the processor or microprocessor is a very important part in any electronic device. If you use any electronic device, then a processor or microprocessor plays an important role in it.

If you use any phone, tablet, computer, smart watch, etc., then it must have some kind of processor or microprocessor, and all these devices are controlled by the same processor, and all these Devices are of no use without a processor.

What is Microprocessor and Type of Microprocessor?
What is Microprocessor and Type of Microprocessor?

Definition of Microprocessor

Microprocessor is a component present inside the computer that performs the instructions and tasks involved in computer processing. In a computer system, the microprocessor is a central unit that performs and manages logical instructions. Microprocessor can also be called a processor or central processing unit,

You can also read: Functioning Of The Computer

Classification of Microprocessor

Microprocessors are classified under the following different parts –

  • 4-bit processors (Intel 404 4004)
  • 8-bit processors(8008,8080,8085motorola 6800(m6800))
  • 16-bit processor(8086,8088,zilog,z800,80186,80286)
  • 32-bit processor(Intel 80386,80387,80486 PENTIUM pro )

What is Microprocessor Core?

Microprocessor core is a small chip installed under the microprocessor of any computer. How fast the microprocessor is going to work, it completely depends on this chip and the quality of this chip.

If under any microprocessor, the lower the quality of its core chip, the less it is in performance. Apart from this, if the higher the quality of the core chip used inside any microprocessor, the more its performance also increases.

Microprocessor cores are of the following types –

  • Dual Core Processor
  • Quad Core Processor
  • Hexa Core Processor
  • Octa Core Processor
  • Deca Core Processor

1. Dual Core Processor

This type of processor has two cores or processors.

2. Quad Core Processor

This type of processor has 4 cores or processors.

3. Hexa Core Processor

This type of processor has 6 cores or processors.

4. Octa Core Processor

This type of processor has 8 cores or processors.

5. Deca Core Processor

This type of processor has 10 cores or processors. It is 5 times faster than dual core.

Where is the microprocessor located in the computer?

The microprocessor under any computer is located on its motherboard. It is a small enough microchip that is mounted on your computer’s motherboard. Like your computer, microprocessor is also installed in mobile, laptop etc.

Different Types of Microprocessor

Following are the types of microprocessor –

8085 Microprocessor

The 8085 microprocessor was introduced in 1977, this processor was first released in 1977 by the Intel company. The 8085 microprocessor could operate up to 5 megahertz.

8086 Microprocessor

This processor was also launched by the Intel company itself, under which there was 20 address lines, 18 bits of data and 1 MB of storage. It is connected with a total of 16 data lines. It was a much more powerful microprocessor than the 8085 microprocessor.

CISC Microprocessor

It is a low quality micro processor, which is used for doing small tasks. With this microprocessor, you can play games, listen to music, apart from doing other small tasks.

It is mainly used in desktop computers, personal computers, and laptops.

 Intel RISC Microprocessor

The Intel RISC Microprocessor is a reduced instruction set microprocessor. Small instructions can be done very fast with the Intel RISC Microprocessor.

This type of microprocessor is mainly used for designing databases, servers, email clients etc. Intel RISC Microprocessor is the best micro processor for any server.

Advantages of Microprocessor

A microprocessor has the following advantages in any computer –

  • The microprocessor controls the instructions given by the hardware and software under the computer, and the communication between the hardware and the software is also done by the microprocessor itself. If there is a good communication between hardware and software under any device, then the speed of that device increases significantly.
  • The microprocessor controls the instructions given by the hardware and software under the computer, and the communication between the hardware and the software is also done by the microprocessor itself. If there is a good communication between hardware and software under any device, then the speed of that device increases significantly.
  • A microprocessor is very fast. For example a 3 GHz processor is capable of doing 3 billion tasks per second. So you can imagine, how fast a microprocessor works.

Drawback of Microprocessor

Microprocessor is an important part of any computer, and without it it is very difficult to operate a computer.

Microprocessor is a very good device, but there are some drawbacks under microprocessor even today. You have been given below information about the shortcomings of some such micro processors –

  • There are limits on the size of the data within any microprocessor, which is a major drawback of the microprocessor. Operating large files through microprocessor becomes a bit difficult.
  • There is no internal peripheral under the microprocessor.
  • It is impossible to perform floating point operations through a microprocessor, which is therefore a major drawback. This operation cannot be performed by most micro processors in Kiss today.

Conclusion:

Friends, in today’s article we talked about Microprocessor and know what is Microprocessor? (What is Microprocessor In Hindi) How does it work? How many types are these? (Types of Micro Processor In Hindi) and what are the advantages and disadvantages of microprocessor?

If you want Computer Fundamental Complete post then see my this post Computer Fundamental post. Here you will get all the topics of Computer Fundamentals step by step.

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Avinash Singh

I am Avinash Singh, a software engineer from the profession and have been working in the IT industry since 2009. I live in Barabanki district of Uttar Pradesh in India and completed intermediate in 2001 from Ram Sevak Inter College, a UP Board school. After inter I completed my professional degree (BCA & MCA) from Indira Gandhi National Open University, Delhi in 2008 and along with it I did many certifications to keep my knowledge up to date and the next year I started a software development company E – Vision Technocraft Pvt Ltd.

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